From as early as the 11th century, an enigmatic group known erroneously as the Assassins emerged in Persia. They take their name from Hashish (hashish-im, “hashish takers”) a trance inducing drug thought by many to help the leaders to control the minds of subverts.
Iran’s Illuminati, Hojjatieh is a semi-clandestine Iranian organization which is radically anti-Bahai and anti-Sunni. The group flourished during the 1979 revolution that ousted the Shah and installed an Islamic government in his place. However it was banned in 1983 by Ayatollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution.
They believe that chaos must be created to hasten the return of the Mahdi, the 12th Shiite Imam. Only then, they argue, a genuine Islamic state can be established.
Members of the Hojjatieh group think such a suggestion is blasphemy, for the coming of the Lord of All Ages shall be the end of the world as it is. Interestingly, and this is where the West really has to understand what is going on in Iran, the Hojjatieh group took no part in the 1979 revolution. For they actually believe in the spread of tyranny and oppression. If you stand in the way of tyranny and oppression then you delays the coming of the Lord of All Ages, the Hojjatieh argue.
The current president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is rumored to be an advocate of this society through the influence of his mentor, the Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi, who is also currently the highest ranking member in the organization. Since the president took office in August 2005 almost all of his major speeches contain some reference to the return of the 12th Imam. A September address to the U.N. General Assembly contained long passages on the Mahdi and Ahmadinejad’s later observation that he was surrounded by an aura (light) during the speech, and that the spellbound audience in the General Assembly sat unblinking.
“Our revolution’s main mission is to pave the way for the reappearance of the 12th Imam, the Mahdi,” Ahmadinejad said in the speech to Friday Prayers leaders from across the country.
There are older links for the Illuminati though that stretches right back into the realm of Afghanistan. This link is with Roshaniya or Illuminated/Enlightened Ones and reference to them comes from the House of Wisdom in Cairo – a veritable fount of esoteric knowledge predating the Roshaniya by hundreds of years.
Again initiation and ritual match up between the Roshaniya and others such as the Muslim Assassins, who influenced the Templars and hence Christianity, Freemasonry and so on.
The earliest leader we know of is Bayezid Ansari, who claimed descent from the “helpers” of Mohammad. Who exactly these “helpers” were nobody knows; suffice to say their existence in helping Mohammad escape Mecca pinpoints them in space and time, if nothing else.
It is claimed that Bayezid was indoctrinated by the Ismailis – themselves closed to the Assassins and having “hidden lodges” around the world. These Ismailis came about to protect a great secret of Islam after Crusades, in much the same manner as heretical Cathars protected some strange secret knowledge.
It seems that the Ismailis recruited well, as the Illuminated Ones grew fast. Bayezid taught a series of supernatural exercises that were believed to lead to Enlightenment and the great secret – an obvious allusion to the fact that the great secret is Enlightenment. To obtain this illuminative aspect of the secret, they had to undergo the usual meditation and fasting called the Khilwat – silence.
They firmly believed that the rest of mankind knew nothing, with exception of the other societies. The power came through with the use of drug hashish and clever ritualistic involvement making the Ismailis feel part of a greater good, as a “chosen one” a feeling Adolf Hitler would later use to gain control of the German people.
Amnesty International has urged the Iraqi authorities to prevent the forcible return to Iran of several members of the Ahwazi Arab minority amid fears that they would be at serious risk of torture and other human rights violations in Iran.
Two recognized refugees, Shahhed Abdulhussain Abbas Allami and Saleh Jasim Mohammed al-Hamid, are currently being detained in Basra prison, while a third man has already been transferred to the custody of Iranian officials in Iraq.
At least three other Ahwazi Arabs, all members of the same family, are also at serious risk. They are believed to have been detained by the Iraqi authorities at the request of the Iranian government because their father is an Iranian political activist, currently exiled. Two members of this family, both aged under 18, have already been handed to Iranian officials in Iraq and their subsequent fate is unknown.
“The Iraq authorities must not allow these members of Iran’s Ahwazi Arab minority to be sent back to Iran,” said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International’s director for the Middle East and North Africa.
“In the past other cases of Ahwazi Arabs forcibly returned to Iran have faced torture. Amnesty International fears that these individuals would be at real risk of human rights violations if they are returned, and it would be a breach of Iraq’s obligations under international law.”
States are not permitted to return individuals to countries where they would be at risk of torture or other serious human rights violations.
Iran’s proposal for a tour of its nuclear sites floundered yesterday (13 January) after China effectively rejected the invitation and Russia cautioned that such a trip could never replace UN inspections or talks between Tehran and world powers.
The European Union turned down Iran’s offer to allow selected ambassadors accredited to the UN’s nuclear watchdog to visit two nuclear installations but snub those from the United States, Britain, France and Germany.
Diplomats from Britain, France, Germany and the United States were not invited. But China, Russia and Hungary, which holds the rotating presidency of the European Union until July, were invited, leaving the EU in a quandary over what to do.
In the end, EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton rejected Tehran’s offer and claimed that the responsibility of inspection lies in the hands of the United Nations.
China, ahead of President Hu Jintao’s state visit to the United States next week, said it would be “difficult” for its ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna to go on the proposed tour.
“The Vienna representative is still in China right now, so it will be difficult for him to go to Iran,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei told a news briefing, without elaborating.
Without the European Union, China and possibly Russia, Tehran’s trip proposal could collapse before Istanbul talks next week between Iran and the so called P5+1 group – the five permanent members of the Security Council along with Germany.
Amnesty International has denounced the prison sentences imposed on two leading Iranian human rights defenders and urged the authorities to drop all charges against them.
Human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh has been jailed for 11 years on charges of “acts against national security”, “anti-regime propaganda” and belonging to the Centre for Human Rights Defenders.
The charges relate to her human rights work after the country’s disputed 2009 presidential elections. It appears that Sotoudeh may not yet have been told the verdict and sentence imposed on her.
Journalist Shiva Nazar Ahari had her four-year prison sentence imposed for “acts against national security” and other charges, confirmed by an appeal court on Sunday. She may also face flogging; it remains unclear whether this part of her original sentence, subsequently converted to a cash fine, has been reinstated.
“The sentences imposed on Nasrin Sotoudeh and Shiva Nazar Ahari are outrageous and make a mockery of justice,” said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International’s director for the Middle East and North Africa.
“Both women have been sentenced on account of their courageous defence of human rights and the very standards and values which the Iranian government is bound by international treaties to uphold,” said Malcolm Smart. “It is truly a sorry state of affairs when such actions can be branded a threat to national security or the peddling of propaganda.”
“Nasrin Sotoudeh is a prisoner of conscience and must be released immediately and unconditionally. Shiva Nazar Ahari should not be made to serve her sentence – it should be immediately withdrawn.”
Iran has arrested about 70 Christians since Christmas in a crackdown that demonstrates the limits of religious tolerance by Islamic leaders who often boast they provide room for other faiths.
The latest raids have targeted grass-roots Christian groups Iran describes as “hard-liners” who pose a threat to the Islamic state. Authorities increasingly view them with suspicions that range from trying to convert Muslims to being possible footholds for foreign influence.
Christian activists claim their Iranian brethren are being persecuted simply for worshipping outside officially sanctioned mainstream churches.
Caught in the middle is the small community of Iranian Christians who get together for prayer and Bible readings in private residences and out of sight of authorities. They are part of a wider “house church” movement that has taken root in other places with tight controls on Christian activities such as China and Indonesia.
Iran’s constitution gives protected status to Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians, but many religious minorities sense growing pressures from the Islamic state as hard-edged forces such as the powerful Revolutionary Guard exert more influence.
MirHossein Mousavi, Iranian opposition leader expressed defiance in the face of recent threats from Islamic republic government figures and warned the establishment that such propaganda would only backfire.
In a report on Kaleme website, Mousavi, the chief challenger of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s victory in the 2009 elections, condemned the recent government statements and described them as worn out tactics used by totalitarian regimes such as Soviet Union in the Stalin era.
In recent months, Iranian senior officials including top judicial authorities have repeatedly attacked the opposition leaders, MirHossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi, insisting that they will soon to be prosecuted for their role in the post-election protests as “leaders of sedition.”
Mousavi maintained that the “unfair content” of such attacks makes them “ineffective” and will make them backfire. He went on to add that such attacks merely attest to the “legitimacy and vitality” of the Green Movement.
The protest movement against the alleged vote fraud in the 2009 elections in Iran has been referred to as the “Green Movement.”
Mousavi goes on to tell the authorities: “As I indicated in my 17th announcement you should ignore people like me and without any attention to us, release the prisoners and announce that you are committed to the constitution. Give freedom to the media and set up free and non-selective elections. You will then realize, the horizons have lightened up. Otherwise more oppression will only result in heavier demands.”
Mousavi also added that this kind of publicity along with continued crack down and arrests will eventually make people lose faith in reform in the framework of the current constitution.
The opposition leader maintained that in the current atmosphere, power mongers are creating deep rifts in society but the forces of the Green Movement according to Mousavi, “are trying to overcome these rifts by keeping alive the space for debate and national dialogue and by practicing tolerance.”
He added: “Being Green does not mean that we want everyone to assume our color…Being Green is living side by side with understanding for differences and variety in votes, ideas and tastes.”
Mehdi Karroubi also responded to the recent government attacks earlier saying he is more than ready to stand in an open and public trial so that people would get a chance to hear both sides and judge for themselves.